As defined by the International Panel on Climate Change, mitigation is the mitigation of climate change and preventing it from worsening through human intervention to reduce emissions or enhance the removal of greenhouse gases.
When climate scientists talk about “mitigation,” they often focus on fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas that are used to generate electricity and power cars, buses, and planes, because fossil fuels produce greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, when they are emitted. These gases, they remain in the atmosphere and lead to heat retention, which results in the heating of the planet.
Use of solar and wind energy
Some of the ways to mitigate climate change include using solar and wind energy instead of power plants that run on coal or fossil fuels, making buildings, electrical appliances and vehicles more energy efficient so they use less electricity and fuel, and designing cities so that people have to Driving less distances. Protecting forests and planting trees also helps, because trees absorb greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
What is adaptation?
“Adaptation” is finding ways to coexist with these threats, and a third, for example, the city of Los Angeles is cultivating alternative “conversion” measures as climate change worsens over the years.