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How does biodiversity conservation help maintain human health

Human nature has bestowed countless health benefits, and it is believed that it contains many undiscovered health benefits. However, if we continue to harm the environment, we risk losing these benefits…

One million species are now said to be at risk of extinction, and if species losses continue to mount, ecosystem functions vital to human health and life will continue to be disrupted.

Ecosystems provide the goods and services that sustain all life on the planet, including human life. While we have a vast knowledge of how many ecosystems function, they often involve complexities on such a large scale that humanity would find it impossible to replace them, no matter how much money might be spent for that purpose.

live lab
The majority of medicines prescribed in industrialized countries are derived from natural compounds produced by animals and plants. Billions of people in the developing world rely primarily on traditional plant-based medicine for their primary health care.

Also, many remedies that come from nature are known; Painkillers such as morphine come from the opium poppy, antimalarial quinine from the bark of the South American eucalyptus tree, and the antibiotic penicillin from microscopic fungi.

Microbes discovered in the soil of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) fight heart disease by lowering cholesterol, and one of the first anti-HIV/AIDS drugs, known as ATZ, came from a large sponge in shallow waters in the Caribbean, which also produced antivirals to treat herpes and served as the source for the first marine-derived anti-cancer drug to be licensed in the United States.

A critical reservoir for future therapies
To date, only about 1.9 million species have been identified (many of which have barely been studied). It is believed that there are millions more that are not fully known.

Everything alive is the result of a complex “living laboratory” that has been conducting its own clinical tests since life began – that’s about 3.7 billion years ago. This library of natural medicines contains countless undiscovered cures, unless we destroy them before we know them.

For example, with the Arctic habitat of polar bears – now classified as “threatened” – melting due to climate change, the world’s largest land predator has become a symbol of the dangers posed by rising global temperatures, and may also be a symbol of health. Polar bears accumulate huge amounts of fat before hibernating, and despite their obesity being life-threatening, they seem to be immune to type 2 diabetes. Although she was immobile for several months, her bones were not affected. She also does not urinate during this period, but neither of them are damaged. If we understand and reproduce how bears detoxify their bodies while hibernating, we may be able to treat – and perhaps even prevent – toxicity from kidney failure in humans.

Currently 13 percent of the world’s population suffers from clinical obesity, and the number of people with type 2 diabetes is expected to rise to 700 million by 2045. One in three women over the age of 50 and one in five men will suffer fragility-related fractures. bones. In the United States alone, kidney failure kills more than 82,000 people and costs the US economy $35 million annually. Polar bears have naturally evolved “solutions” to these problems – type 2 diabetes from obesity, osteoporosis from immobility, and toxicity from kidney failure – all of which cause misery to millions.



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