Coinciding with the COP15 Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity in Montreal, Canada, the Convention Secretariat unveiled the Global Biodiversity Framework document for the period 2020-2030, with the aim of guiding actions worldwide to conserve and protect nature and its essential services for people.
The Global Biodiversity Framework for the current decade includes 21 targets to be achieved before 2030, calling for, among others:
Conserve at least 30% of the world’s terrestrial and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and its contributions to people, through effective, equitably managed, ecologically representative, and reliable systems of protected areas, and other effective area-based conservation measures. A greater 50% reduction in the rate of introduction of invasive alien species, and controls or eliminates these species to eliminate or reduce their impacts.
reduce nutrients lost to the environment by at least half, pesticides by at least two-thirds, eliminate plastic waste discharge, nature-based contributions to global climate change mitigation efforts of at least 10 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide per year, and avoid All mitigation and adaptation efforts have negative impacts on biodiversity. Redirect, repurpose, reform, or eliminate incentives harmful to biodiversity in a just and equitable manner, and reduce them by at least $500 billion per year. $200 billion increase in international financial flows from all sources to developing countries.