What is meant here is the removal of carbon dioxide from the air, which has been increasing for many years. In 2019 there was an increase of 50 percent over the late 18th century, and carbon dioxide is removed through processes that remove it from the atmosphere, either by increasing the biological basins of carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide through plants that absorb it from the atmosphere, given that the world’s forests absorb 2.6 billion tons of carbon dioxide every year, or by using chemical cleaning processes that capture carbon dioxide directly from the air, or from the industrial, energy and transportation sectors and then store the carbon underground , or in concrete materials.
Carbon neutrality and scale of emissions
Carbon neutrality means that the volume of carbon dioxide emissions produced by humans is equal to the amount of carbon dioxide removed by humans over a specific period of time. The increase in net carbon dioxide in the air is zero, which does not mean that carbon dioxide cannot be added, but that if you add carbon dioxide to the air, the same amount should be removed.
serious climate crisis
The International Panel on Climate Change warns that the world needs to be carbon neutral by 2050, to avoid a serious climate crisis. that cause climate change, temperatures will continue to rise to a level of more than 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to the normal degree that existed before the industrial era in the mid-19th century, and new levels of danger will threaten the lives and livelihoods of people everywhere, This is why an increasing number of countries are making commitments to achieving the goal of achieving zero carbon emissions by 2050.