According to the “Egyptian Contributions for Adaptation And Fighting Climate Change report” that Egypt has proposed to host COP, Egypt, since 2014, has begun a comprehensive reform for clean and renewable energy transition with a number of projects that aim to a sustained transition: Benban, Sustainable agriculture, the LED project, wind energy in Gabal Al-Zait, Solar units and the Monorail.
Where the country has encouraged those concerned and communities to implement the measures of energy efficiency improvement on the demand side of the the trade and industry sectors, which are the sectors most contributing to carbon emissions, which led to decreasing annual demand on electricity to 1.5% during the period of 2015 to 2020 in contrast to an average annual rate of 5.9% from 2007 to 2012.
Moreover, the government has invested millions of dollars, according to the report, to upgrade power generation capabilities. In 2018, the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy has completed the installation of three new units including combined cycle power plant with a total capacity of 14.4 gigawatts and a high performance efficiency of 61%. The high efficiency reflects a high saving in fuel, which means less combustion of fossil fuels and less fumes.
In addition, the country has significantly succeeded in switching to renewable energy sources through electricity generated from giant solar and wind power plants that were contracted a year later, in 2015, the year in which Egypt attracted investments in the field of solar and wind energy on a large scale and reduced consumption of Fuel in power generation facilities nationwide with a percentage of 13.9%.
Apart from this, renewable energy is at the core of the Egyptian startegy for the transition to integrated sustainable energy until 2035, where the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy has identified targets for the inclusion of renewable energy sources within the system in an ascending percentage starting from 20% reaching 42% by the year 2035.